What is congenital heart disease?
Congenital heart disease is an inborn heart disease. It is not related to acquired heart damage, bacterial infections and atherosclerosis. Such as abnormal heart development of congenital septal defect, which is a common cause of heart murmur. Congenital heart disease is due to its occurrence after the egg is fertilized, repeatedly expand cell division side made of tissues, organs, organ. Contingent upon completion of differentiation, and to become a “person”. However, the occurrence of the “individual” process, sometimes because of some reason, unable to complete the full expand which made the incomplete development of the function of the heart.
Stop development in fetus
The fetus will becomes a human form at approximately three months, in general belives during these three months, occur “stop development”, genetic influences, and chromosomal abnormalities is heart malformations causes. Stop development refers to the fetus in the mother’s womb, due to the various effects of temperature, X-rays, vitamin deficiency, drugs, reaches the fetus though the mother body, stop the complex process of differentiation which arose all kinds of heart malformations.
Medication and congential heart disease
Years ago, drugs lead the fetal malformations event repeatedly occurs. Everyone were scared by medicine. Indeed, if you want to born a healthy baby, you should not take any medication after four months of pregnancy. As for the sick people, the best is to cure the sickness completely and then plan for prednancy. There are also example of genetic heart disease on brothers and sisters, twins, between parents and children.
Symptoms of congenital heart disease
The most general symptoms of congenital heart disease is heart murmur. There are many kinds of heart murmur, it can be divided into harmless heart murmurs and pathological heart murmur. Very often a child is found to have congenital heart disease when they are at outpatient or emergency room because of cold. So if physician diagnosed to have heart murmur, they should immediately find a pediatric cardiologists to check and confirm the heart disease.
Heart failure and congenital heart disease
In addition, heart failure means the heart is unable to adequately maintain the blood and produce some of the symptoms of various tissues and organs of the body, such as: difficulty breathing, feeding problems, growth retardation and limb edema, etc. Therefore, if parents found above symptoms, should try to bring their children to the pediatric cardiology clinic to do a detailed inspection to confirm the type of heart disease and severity as soon as possible. A take the drug to treat heart failure, such as digitalis, diuretics. Limit water and salt intake, according to the disease in order to avoid the symptoms get worse.
Clinical cyanosis when children has congenital heart disease
Finally, it may appear symptom is cyanosis, the so-called clinical cyanosis children’s lips and limbs, nails black, this is the phenomenon of hypoxia on behalf of the infant. Cyanotic congenital heart disease, abnormal blood flow from right to left, will produce cyanosis. In addition, some children with cyanotic hypoxia, usually have lips cyanosis phenomenon, when in crying, got up in the morning or a little movement, cyanosis symptoms suddenly intensified, resulting in children with breathing difficulties, restlessness phenomenon, a phenomenon. The attack called hypoxia, effective and timely treatment if you can not, that children may appear acidosis, cramps or death consequences. Proper prevention and treatment is very important to avoid lifelong regret.